Vietnam to become third largest economy in Southeast Asia by 2025: IMF
The country's GDP reached approximately $368 billion in 2021, making it the fifth largest economy in Southeast Asia and 41st in the world, according to the IMF World Economic Outlook.
For GDP per capita, Vietnam secured $3,743 per person, ranking sixth in ASEAN and 124th in the world.
The IMF predicted that, by 2026, the nation will take the fourth position among the ASEAN-6 group in term of GDP per capita, behind Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand.
Longer-term growth prospects for Vietnam
Vietnam's GDP was estimated to grow by 5.03 percent in the first three months of 2022, mainly buoyed by robust expansion of manufacturing, reported the General Statistics Office (GSO).
According to the IMF, Vietnam's growth is projected at 6.0 percent in 2022 and 7.2 percent in 2023.
In a recent interview with the VGP, Mission Chief to Vietnam and Division Chief in the IMF's Asia and Pacific Department Era Dabla-Norris noted that the growth in the first quarter of 2022 has been strong, and this owes particularly in light of the challenging environment Vietnam saw in 2021 with the COVID outbreak, and this owes to three main factors.
The first is the Vietnamese Government's very impressive vaccination record that allowed for a living with the COVID strategy and that is beneficial for growth.
A second factor has to do with the support of macro-economic policies that were put in place to cushion the impact of the pandemic on firms and households and thirdly is the very solid pre-pandemic growth momentum in the dynamism of Vietnamese firms and people.
Regarding opportunities for Vietnam's economic growth in next months of the year, Era Dabla-Norris emphasized that a decisive implementation of the economic recovery and development program as planned will provide a very positive upside to growth.
Trade diversion since Vietnam is open for businesses, and also the free trade agreements that Vietnam has signed could also provide an upside to growth.
In terms of the longer term, she spoke highly of Vietnam's efforts in improving the business environment, promoting digitalization, upgrading the skills of workers, and more generally, investing in human capital and enhancing the productivity of small and medium enterprises, which could really help entrench longer term growth prospects for the country.